Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2022: A Closer Look

Suicides

In 2022, India had a considerable increase in suicides, totaling over 1.7 lakh occurrences, representing a concerning 4.2% increase from 2021, while there was a 27% increase from 2018. The suicide rate increased by 3.3%, as measured by the number of suicides per lakh people.

According to the ADSI 2022 report, Maharashtra (22,746), Tamil Nadu (19,834), Madhya Pradesh (15,386), Karnataka (13,606), Kerala (10,162), and Telangana (9,980) had the highest number of suicides in the year.

 

Aside from daily wage earners, agricultural laborers, and farmers, ADSI statistics revealed that 9.6% of suicides in 2022 were committed by self-employed or paid professionals. Unemployed people were next, accounting for 9.2% of all suicides reported in India in 2022. Over 12,000 student suicides were recorded during the year. West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Goa, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Chandigarh, Delhi (UT), Lakshadweep, and Puducherry recorded zero suicides of farmers/cultivators and agricultural laborers, according to the study.

According to the ADSI data, over 52% of the over 48,000 women who died by suicide in 2022 were homemakers, accounting for around 14% of all suicides documented that year. This was followed by women who were either students or daily wage earners. The survey also revealed that 28 transgender people committed suicide in 2022.

‘Family Problems’ and ‘Illness’ were the leading causes of suicide, accounting for 31.7% and 18.4% of total suicides, respectively. Other causes of suicide included ‘Drug Abuse/Alcoholism’ (6.8%), ‘Marriage Related Issues’ (4.8%), ‘Love Affairs’ (4.5%), ‘Bankruptcy or Indebtedness’ (4.1%), ‘Unemployment’ (1.9%), ‘Failure in Examination’ (1.2%), ‘Professional/Career Problem’ (1.2%), ‘Death of Dear Person’ (1.2%).

However, the majority of persons under the category of “marriage related issues” were women, particularly identifying “dowry-related” as one of the factors.

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In accordance with the most recent report on accidental deaths and suicides in India 2022 published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), over 13,000 students committed suicide in India in 2022. In 2022, students accounted for 7.6% of all suicide fatalities.The survey also found that examination failure was the cause of 1,123 suicide fatalities among pupils under the age of 18. There were 578 females and 575 guys among them.

Across all age categories, 2,095 persons committed themselves after failing exams. Maharashtra had the largest number (378), followed by Madhya Pradesh (277), and Jharkhand (174). Karnataka (162) and Gujarat (155) also noticed a high number of suicides as a result of exam failure.

In 2022, 10,295 children under the age limit of 18 died by suicide. Suicides were somewhat greater among females (5,588) than among boys (4,616). 

The survey also indicated that people with secondary education had the largest rate of fatalities, accounting for 23.9% of all suicides in 2022. People without a high school diploma accounted for 11.5% of all suicides.

Sikkim has the highest suicide rate (43.1), followed by Kerala (28.5) and Chhattisgarh (28.1). 

Accidental Deaths 

A total of 8,060 fatalities were reported in the country as a result of natural causes.

Out of 8,060 accidental fatalities caused by natural forces, 35.8% were caused by “Lightning,” 9.1% by “Heat/Sun Stroke,” and 8.9% by “Exposure to Cold.”

Also Read: A brief study of Road accidents in India with data analysis!

The majority (55.8%) of victims who died in incidents induced by natural forces were reported to be over 60 years old (32.1%) and 30-45 years old (23.7%) combined.

The most affected states/UTs by ‘Lightning’ are Madhya Pradesh (496), Bihar (329), Odisha (316), Uttar Pradesh (301), and Jharkhand (267).

 

Links

https://ncrb.gov.in/uploads/nationalcrimerecordsbureau/custom/adsiyearwise2022/1701611156012ADSI2022Publication2022.pdf

468 people took their lives every day in 2022: NCRB data

One-third of all 2022 suicides were of daily wage earners, farmers: NCRB report

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