The CCPI and the Paris Agreement: Are Countries Meeting the Climate Goals?

The CCPI is an annual independent monitoring tool that tracks and compares the climate protection performance of 63 countries and the European Union, which together account for over 90% of global greenhouse gas emissions. In 2023, the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022 prevented the CCPI from assessing Ukraine’s performance. Denmark topped the 2023 CCPI index, with Sweden and Chile following closely after.

Germanwatch, a German environmental and development organization, created the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI), a grading system meant to improve openness in global climate politics.The CCPI first appeared in 2005, and a revised edition is presented at the UN Climate Change Conference annually.

In CCPI 2024, Denmark had the best overall ranking, followed by Estonia and the Philippines. Even in this year’s report, CCPI did not evaluate Ukraine’s climate performance. This decision was due to the far-reaching effects of the aggressive Russian war against the country. India ranks 7th in this year’s CCPI, up one spot from the previous CCPI .

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The CCPI assesses country performance in four categories:

1. GHG emissions (weighting 40%)

2. Renewable energy (weighting 20%) 

3. Energy use (weighting 20%)

4. Climate policy (weighting 20%)

The parameters “GHG emissions,” “renewable energy,” and “energy use” are classified into four categories based on equal proportions:

(1) present level

(2) recent developments (5-year trend)(3) 2 °C compatibility of the current performance

(4) 2 °C compatibility of the 2030 target.

The results are rated as very high, high, medium, low, or very low. It evaluates how much countries are doing to achieve the climate goals set out in the Paris Agreement in these areas. These are the main categories that the CCPI uses to evaluate and rank countries’ climate protection performance.

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Based on the CCPI, no nation has yet met the targets set forth in the Paris Agreement to keep global warming to far below 2 °C. This is because no country has yet demonstrated performance across all indicators that would be considered extremely high. For this reason, the top three spots in the final ranking are still unfilled. The last three were the United Arab Emirates, Islamic Republic of Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

 

Links

https://ccpi.org/

https://www.germanwatch.org/en/89895

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