Dive Into the Data: Understanding the Demographics of Higher Education Institutions in India

The Ministry of Education has been carrying out the annual ‘All India Survey on Higher Education’ since 2010-11, collecting data on colleges and universities across India, including details about teachers, students, infrastructure, and examinations. All social categories have seen an increase in higher education enrollment, according to the most recent 2021–2022 study.

Since 2010–11, the Ministry of Education has been collecting statistics on higher education institutions throughout India, including details on faculty, students, facilities, and assessments, through the yearly “All India Survey on Higher Education.” A thorough understanding of Indian higher education is offered by AISHE. For the second time, Web Data Capture Format was used in the 12th edition (2021–2022). State governments, the Medical Council of India, and the Department of Education all took part in the data gathering process. The full survey was completed electronically, and http://aishe.gov.in was created as a special gateway for this purpose. Initially, State Government Departments, Ministries, and Institutions were consulted in order to compile the list of institutions.

Because of the Survey’s enormous value in providing thorough data, the AISHE Surveys have been conducted annually over the years.

Education documented on the aishe.gov.in portal in developed specifically formats of data collection.

The Nodal Officers of the relevant Institution have the responsibility for the data’s accuracy. State Nodal Officer are analyzed for grant of AISHE Code at MoE level, on the grounds of verification of documents .The data that was submitted has only been gathered and analyzed by the Planning, Monitoring, and Statistics Bureau. An institution’s name appearing on any list on the web www.aishe.gov.in or in any publication does not imply that the Ministry of Education has recognized it.

The only institutions recognized as colleges are those that are part of Central and State Public Universities or are linked with them.

District-specific colleges are widely dispersed around the nation. Out of all colleges registered with AISHE, 10.7% are located in the top 10 districts.

At the All India Level, the college density, or the number of colleges per lakh eligible population, is thirty.

Institutions operating autonomously were listed in AISHE 2021–2022. Of these, 10,576 Stand Alone Institutions, 42,825 Colleges, and 1,162 Universities answered to the poll.

Between 2014 and 2015, 341 universities and university-level institutions had been established. There are 1168 registered universities, of which 685 are controlled by the government, 10 are privately deemed, and 473 are private.

There are seventeen universities that are only for women. In 2014–15, it was 11.

In 2021-22, there are 18 Open universities .

Remaining 125 Universities were of other specialized categories.

There are 45473 registered colleges for 2021–2022. 38498 colleges were registered with AISHE in 2014–15.

1677 colleges have registered with AISHE for the 2021–2022 academic year.

Of the 42825 colleges that received responses, 21.5% are government colleges, 13.2% are private colleges, and 65.3% are private colleges.

Colleges that have responded in the survey are exclusively for Females.

The total number of students enrolled in higher education grew to around 4 crore in 2020–21 .

States with highest number of colleges

Uttar Pradesh has maximum number of colleges, followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu , Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Telangana and West Bengal.

Enrollment of females in higher education rises to 2.07 crore. 15 per cent are from the Scheduled Caste, 6 per cent are from the Scheduled Tribe, 37 per cent are from the Other Backward Class, and the remaining 40 per cent are from other communities out of the 4.33 crore students registered in 2021–2022.

Total estimated SC student enrolment is 66,22,923 which is 15.3% of the total enrolment. The number of students enrolled under the Scheduled Caste has grown from 58.95 lakh in 2020–21 to 66.23 lakh in 2021–22. The SC enrollment rate has increased by 25.4% in the previous five years. The total enrollment increase for SC students between 2014 and 2015 is 44%.

The enrolment of Scheduled Caste Female students has grown to 31.71 lakh in 2021-22 from 29.01 lakh in 2020-21. 26.6% boost in SC Female enrolment is seen in last 5 years.

Enrollment of female students in SC has increased overall by 51% between 2014 and 2015. Minority enrolment, 21,08,033 students belong to Muslim Minority and 9,05,159 are from other Minority Communities.

The total number of foreign nationals/students enrolled in India is 46,878.

Number of teachers

15,97,688 teachers were recorded in total for the survey year 2021–2022.

43.4% of these teachers are female, while 56.6% of them are male. 89,770 Muslim teachers make up the overall number of teachers, while 1,40,205 are other teachers.

There are 77 female teachers for every 100 male teachers in all of India. There are 61 female teachers for every 100 male teachers in the SC category, and 78 and 73 female teachers for every 100 male teachers in the ST and OBC categories, respectively. Female faculty more clustered in lower ranks, while men dominate the top-posts.

Representation of Persons with Disabilities students

There are 88,748 PWD students enrolled in higher education, out of which 51,373 are male and 37,375 are female students.

The age group’s expected gross enrollment ratio in higher education

A crucial measure of a population’s participation in higher education is the GER. Students belonging to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe have GERs of 25.9 and 21.2, respectively.

In 26 States/UTs female GER is greater than male GER.

Student to Teacher Ratio

When taking into account universities and colleges together, the regular mode’s pupil-teacher ratio is 24. PTR is 28 for both the Regular and Distance modes combined.

Distance Mode

Total enrolment in distance mode was 45.73 lakh with 20.06 lakh Female and 25.67 lakh male enrolment in 2021-22.

Regular Mode

The number of students enrolled in undergraduate programs has grown over time in conventional educational institutions. There has been an almost 15% rise in enrolment from 2017–18 and a roughly 6% increase from the prior survey for the Bachelor of Arts program, which has the highest enrollment at the UG level. There has been a roughly 56 percent rise in Bachelor of Business Administration programs.





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