China continues to pose challenges to India’s security!
The China-India issue is nothing new but it is worth noting that China’s action is a new peak of the crisis. It is also important how our government deals with it. It is a mirror reflecting India’s security on the global stage.
India is trying to add terrorists from Pakistan to the UN Security Council’s 1267 list. China has blocked India’s efforts thrice in the last three months.
Declaring a person as an international terrorist freeze their assets. Also, the person will be banned from travelling to other countries. China continues to stand in the way of such efforts.
India has taken efforts in the United Nations to declare Lashkar-e-Taiba commander Sajid Mir as an international terrorist. Sajid Mir has also carried out attacks in America and Denmark.
Earlier, proposals to include Lashkar-e-Taiba affiliate Abdur Rehman Makki and Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Rauf Asghar in the list were brought by the United States with India’s support at the UN. Even then, China protested with its veto power in the UN. India continues to show its strength as a challenge to America.
The Mumbai attacks are regarded as one of the most tragic events in Indian history. The mastermind behind the attack was Sajid Mir, a member of Lashkar-e-Taiba.
On November 26, 2008, a terrorist attack was carried out in Mumbai. 166 people were killed and 238 injured in the attack. Security forces killed 9 out of 10 people involved in the attack. Ajmal Kasab was the only terrorist caught by the Indian security forces. Later, on 21 November 2012, Ajmal Kasab was hanged to death.
In September 2022, India took the initiative to add Sajid Mir to the UN terrorist list. China blocked the initiative with its veto power
Rauf Asghar acts as the leader of the terrorist organization Jaish-e-Mohammed. He is involved in incidents such as the December 1999 hijacking of Indian passenger flight IC-814 and the 2019 Pulwama attack on Indian paramilitary forces that killed 42 people.
China also blocked India’s bid to add Rauf Asghar to the UN’s international terrorist list last August.
Abdul Rehman Makki
In June 2022, the US and India proposed adding Lashkar-e-Taiba’s deputy chief Abdul Rehman Makki to the international terrorist list. China blocked the effort as usual.
India-China border issue
India has a total length of 22,623.3 km as its border out of which 15,106.7 kilometres is land boundary and 7516.6 kilometres is sea boundary.
India shares 3,488 km of land border with China (Jammu & Kashmir 1597 km, Himachal Pradesh 200 km, Uttarakhand 345 km, Sikkim 220 km, Arunachal Pradesh 1126 km).
After the Indo-China war of 1962, China claimed parts of India. As a result, they introduced the term ‘Line of Actual Control’. That is, the boundary between the two countries remains undecided due to conflict. In this case, they fixed the line of de facto border control to maintain it as it was at the time of the treaty.
However, in June 2020, there was a clash between the soldiers of the two countries in the Kalwan Valley located on the India-China border. 20 Indian soldiers were killed in the clash. After this incident, tension continued in the Kalwan area. In this case, after several rounds of negotiations, both the armies of the two countries backed out.
While many were calling the talks a victory, India retreated further from the de facto border control area. This is a huge loss.
A video surfaced of local residents of Arunachal Pradesh’s Anjau district mentioning China carrying out construction work with Chinese machinery near the Line of Actual Control in August 2022. Creating a village on the border creates many problems.
India-China Trade Relationship
Many right-wing supporters take pride in banning Chinese mobile applications as a great achievement economically.
But the situation is different because in 2021 alone the value of goods imported from China to India was 87.5 billion USD. In the same year, India’s exports to China were worth US$ 22.9 billion. Such a big difference!
India exports only raw materials to China. But the imported goods from China to India are finished goods.
The export and import situation between India and China is as mentioned above. But in 2020, about 200 China-based apps were banned in India. Following that in 2022, 54 apps were also banned. A few cited data security reasons for banning cell phone apps. On the other hand, it was said that the Union government imposed this ban to slow down China’s economy.
Border issues between India and China have continued. And China is doing construction work on the de facto border control area. On the other hand, China is blocking the process of adding terrorists to the UN’s international terrorist list.
China continues to pose challenges to India’s rights and security. Our union government is banning phone apps and proclaiming retreat as progress and success.
We have to ensure our security through diplomatic measures. Will a country like China be countered with more concrete measures or will the app ban continue again and again? Let’s see.