National Multidimensional Poverty Index released by NITI Aayog says that Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh hold the first three positions of poorest states in India.
NITI Aayog has released the National Multidimensional Poverty Index baseline report based on NFHS 2015-16 (National Family Health Survey). India’s multidimensional poverty index has the dimensions of health, education and quality of life. These are represented by 12 aspects including nutrition, infant and child mortality, schooling, school attendance, health, gas cylinder, drinking water, electricity and bank account.
As per the National Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021, Bijar has the highest poor population at 51.91%, Jharkhand has 42.16% of the poor population and Uttar Pradesh has 37.79% of the poor population. These three states are at worst in the multidimensional poverty index.
It is followed by Madhya Pradesh with 36.65%, Meghalaya and Assam with 32.67%, Chhattisgarh with 29.91%, Rajasthan with 29.46% and Odisha with 29.35% of the population in the first ten places.
Of these, Kerala with 0.71%, Goa with 3.76%, Sikkim with 3.82% and Tamil Nadu with 4.89% are in the least places in the index.
Similarly, Bihar ranks first among the states with the highest number of malnourished people with 51.88%. It is followed by Jharkhand (47.99%), Madhya Pradesh (45.49%) and Uttar Pradesh (44.47%). Kerala (1.73%), Sikkim (5.42%) and Tamil Nadu (6.70%) are in the last three places.
Earlier, the United Nations and the NITI Aayog jointly released the third edition report of India’s Sustainable Goals Index and Information Board 2020-21 to monitor the process of the States and Union Territories. Among them, Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam and Uttar Pradesh were lagging behind.