India ranks 108th place in gender inequality. When will gender discrimination decrease in our country?

As of 2022 data, India's labor force participation rate is 76.1% male and 28.3% female!

India is ranked 134th on the UNDP’s Global Human Development Index (HDI), released on March 13 and titled “Breaking the gridlock: Reimagining cooperation in a polarised world.”

Human Development Index:

In the Human Development Index India’s neighbors China is at 75th position, Sri Lanka at 78th position, Bhutan at 125th position, and Bangladesh at 129th position, while India is at 134th position in Medium Human Development category. Nepal (146) and Pakistan (164) rank even lower than India. The top three countries are Switzerland (0.967), Norway (0.966), and Iceland (0.959).

And the life expectancy of Indians has increased from 67.2 years in 2021 to 67.7 years in 2022. Similarly, gross national income per capita rose from $6,542 to $6,951. Also, the expected years of schooling (EYS) of Indians have increased from 11.9 years to 12.6 years, according to the report.

Gender Inequality Index:

Initially, only GDI (Gender Development Index) and GEM (Gender Empowerment Measure) were calculated in the Human Development Report. Later, UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) believed that the inequalities experienced by women were not fully represented by GDI and GEM. Hence the Gender Inequality Index (GII) was first introduced by UNDP in the 2010 Human Development Report.

The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is calculated based on 3 key factors – reproductive health, empowerment, and labor market participation.

According to the Gender Inequality Index 2022, India ranks 108 out of 193 countries with a score of 0.437. Earlier in 2021 GII, India stood at 122nd rank out of 191 countries with a score of 0.490.

Women account for 28.3 percent of labor force participation:

According to the Human Resource Development Report 2022, 76.1 percent of men are employed in India, while only 28.3 percent of women are employed. Through this, it can be seen that there is a large gender gap in labor force participation in India.

Therefore, analyzing the data of the Human Development Report 2022, it can be seen that gender discrimination is still increasing in India today. Economic growth for nations like India can only occur when women are permitted to work on an equal footing with men. Women’s roles are also crucial to a nation’s economic contribution!

Links:

Human Development Global Report 2023-2024

India Jumps 14 Ranks on Gender Inequality Index 2022

The Hindu – India ranks 134th in global human development index

Please complete the required fields.




Indu Meenakshi

Indu Meenakshi is a former Microbiologist-turned-journalist, works as a Sub-Editor at YouTurn. She additionally holds Master’s in Management and English Literature. As a fact-checker, her job entails actively dispelling false information found online, exposing fake news, and raising public awareness.
Back to top button