On the occasion of India’s 75th Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had asked to hoist the national flag at everyone’s houses across the country. Consequently, instructions are given to school students in various states about hoisting the national flag, and national flags are being sold in general shops.
According to an order issued on December 30, 2021, the ruling BJP government amended the Flag Code of India, 2002, “allowing the national flag to be made of polyester or machine-made”.
Last year, the Union government amended the Flag Code of India to allow the production of polyester and machine-made national flags. Through this, it was informed that enough flags will be available for the government’s ‘tricolour at every door’ programme to hoist the tricolour flag at every door of government buildings, private offices and residences. Before this, only national flags made of cotton, silk, wool or khadi cloth were allowed.
Last July, the finance ministry announced an exemption from Goods and Services Tax (GST) on the sale of national flags made by machine or polyester fabric. Earlier, national flags made of cotton, silk, wool or khadi were exempted. At present, the sale of the national flag made of polyester and machine-made is exempted from GST.
Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industries Limited is the world’s largest producer of polyester fibre and yarn with a capacity of 2.5 million tonnes per annum.
The Union government has announced a tricolour flag at every door scheme and has been criticized for helping Reliance, the largest polyester manufacturer, by allowing pre-fabricated polyester fabric and machine-made national flags to meet the requirement.