This article is from Apr 23, 2021

Tamil Nadu vs Gujarat – Who is the pioneer in Medical Service? | Analysis with Evidence!

The number of victims of the second wave of coronavirus in India is increasing day by day and there is a lack of adequate bed facilities in hospitals to treat them and the lack of oxygen is causing a stir in these pandemic days. In particular, medical facilities for corona patients in Prime Minister Modi’s home state of Gujarat are being questioned on social media.

Meanwhile, some posts comparing the data of primary health care centers in the two states of Tamil Nadu and Gujarat are going viral on social websites.

Of these, 73.5 per cent have 2 doctors in primary health care centers in Tamil Nadu and 23.6 per cent in Gujarat, Tamil Nadu has 72.7 per cent, Gujarat has 29.7 per cent in 24-hour centres in Tamil Nadu. Also, Tamilnadu has 89.3 per cent and Gujarat has 22.6 per cent with maternity wards. The maximum number of primary health care centers is 95.4% in Tamil Nadu and 80% in Gujarat.

They have been posting meme records from a printed page based on the 2015 Rural Health Statistics of the Central Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Following is a list of medical data on the authenticity of the state, including health facilities in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat.

Primary Health Care Centers (PHCs):

According to the Central Ministry of Rural Health Statistics 2015-16, out of 1314 Primary Health Care Centers (PHCs) in Gujarat, only 310 Centers (23.6%) have 2 doctors and 390 Centers (29.7%) have female doctors.

Out of 1368 primary health centers in Tamil Nadu, 1006 centers (73.5%) have 2 doctors and 995 centers (72.7%) have female doctors (Health Manpower in Rural Areas-Table 22).

Not only this, the primary health care centers in Gujarat have only 3 doctors and 4 doctors at all. However, there are 72 and 162 health centers in Tamil Nadu with 3+ and 4+ doctors. ” There are 107 primary health care centres in Gujarat without doctors.

Primary health care facilities with maternity wards are said to be 994 (75.6%) in Gujarat and 1287 (94.1%) in Tamil Nadu (Status of Facilities available- Table 36). We do not only have data on 24 × 7 hour health centers in the rural health statistics report which contains the above data .

Of the 25,354 rural primary health care centres across India, only 6,832 (26.94%) are staffed by two physicians and only 6,835 (26.95%) are staffed by female physicians. 70.9% are primary health care facilities with maternity ward.

As such, the data on the level of medical care of primary health care centers in the states of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu which are being shared on social networking sites are consistent with the 2015-16 data available to us. It is natural to question current statistics. Therefore, other comparisons in the field of medicine can be found between the states of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.

According to The Hindu English, published on April 1, 2018, “there is only one doctor in 1,392 primary health centres (100%) in Gujarat and only 14.4% of the 1,362 primary health centres in Tamil Nadu are staffed by a single doctor”. Anupriya Patel is said to have given this information in the Rajya Sabha

The lack of adequate beds in the hospital to treat corona victims is something that has caused a stir across India. According to a recent CDDEP study, the number of beds in public hospitals in India per 1 lakh population is 51.74.

Of these, 87.24% of beds are in hospitals in Tamil Nadu and only 30.58% in hospitals in Gujarat.

According to data released by pib.gov.in in 2018, the total number of Government Hospitals (PHC, CHC, SDH, DH) in Gujarat is 2,236 and the total number of beds in it is 41,129. Similarly, there are 72,616 beds in 2,581 government general hospitals in Tamil Nadu.

According to information released by pib.gov.in in 2018, there are 17 government medical colleges and 3,050 medical seats in Gujarat. In the same Tamil Nadu there were 25 government medical colleges and 3,250 medical seats. The Gujarat government had proposed to set up 5 new medical colleges by 2020. Similarly, it has been announced that 11 new medical colleges will be set up in Tamil Nadu by 2020.

MMR, IMR ratio: The government is trying to reduce the maternal mortality rate (MMR) in India. According to Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan, India has set a target of reducing the maternal mortality rate to 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030 by 2020. Tamil Nadu has an MMR of 60 and Gujarat has a 75.

IMR rate refers to the infant mortality rate during childbirth. According to 2018 data, the IMR of Tamil Nadu was 15 (per 1000 children) and the IMR of Gujarat was 28.

Physician-to-population ratio: According to the World Health Organization, the physician-population ratio should be 1: 1000. According to a report released by the CAG in 2018, the doctor-to-population ratio in Gujarat is 1: 2092, which is lower than India’s 1: 1613 ratio.

Tamil Nadu is a role model in India in terms of doctor-population ratio. According to a report in the Times of India in 2018, the doctor-population ratio in Tamil Nadu is 1: 253.

Links :

Hospitals in the country

https://nrhm-mis.nic.in/Pages/RHS2016

Medical Infrastructure in India 

Only one doctor in most primary health centres

Infant mortality rate in Gujarat fell by two points in 2019

India’s maternal mortality ratio declines by 7.4%, Rajasthan, UP show most reduction

6 states have more doctors than WHO’s 1:1,000 guideline 

 

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