This article is from Jun 16, 2021

TN has the highest number of OBC and SC higher education teachers in the country! The pioneer of social justice.

Tamil Nadu has the highest number of teachers in India in the report on higher education for the year 2020 released by the Central Government.

The Ministry of Education of India has released the Comprehensive Survey Report on Higher Education (AISHE). According to the report, which covers various aspects of higher education enrollment, educational institutions, quality of education and professors, Youturn has already published details on how Tamil Nadu excels in admissions to higher education compared to other states.

Here is some important information about the various institutions of higher learning and higher education teachers in India at present:

  • According to AISHE, there are 1,043 universities, 42,343 colleges and 11,779 private educational institutions (such as Polytechnic, Nursing, Teacher Training) in India.
  • 396 universities are privately managed. 420 universities are located in rural areas. 110 universities offer dual courses (distance education and regular education).
  • The number of universities that runs only for women is 17. (maximum there are 3 universities in Rajasthan, 2 in Karnataka and 2 in Tamil Nadu).
  • The top 8 states with the highest number of colleges in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
  • A total of 11.53 lakh students are studying in Polytechnic colleges in India. Mostly about 3 lakh students are studying in Tamil Nadu.
  • Total enrollment in higher education is estimated at 38.5 million. Of these, 19.6 million were students and 18.9 million were female students. 49% of the total enrollment of students
  • The total number of teachers is 15,03,156. Of these, about 57.5% are male teachers and 42.5% are female teachers. The majority of these teachers are assistant professors and associate professors.
  • Tamil Nadu has the highest number of students (5,57,284) in government colleges in India.

College Density:

College density is a measure of how many colleges there are per one lakh students. This amount alone indicates how far a state or country has taken education to its people. The college density level in India is 30.

Tamil Nadu in terms of a number of universities and colleges:

Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of colleges in India. It is followed by Karnataka, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu is in 6th place.

These figures indicate that the college density of Tamil Nadu, a state with nearly 68 lakh students in higher education, is still not high enough even though it is higher than in states like Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.


Rajasthan (89) has the highest number of universities, followed by Uttar Pradesh (81), Gujarat (76) and Karnataka (69). There are 59 universities in Tamil Nadu.

The number of national-level universities like IIT, NIT, NIFT in Tamil Nadu is 7. Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka have a maximum of 9.

The number of government-controlled universities in Tamil Nadu is 21. The highest is 30th in Karnataka and 28th in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.

Tamil Nadu has the highest number of (26) Deemed Universities in India.

Rajasthan (50) is the state with the highest number of public universities (including all disciplines). Tamil Nadu has 22. Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh have 42 and 47 respectively.

There are four medical universities in Tamil Nadu and eight each in Rajasthan and Karnataka.

Colleges and other educational institutions:

Tamil Nadu has the highest number of Allopathic Medical College (42),  Paramedical College (36) and Engineering and Technology College (455) in India.

The total number of colleges in Tamil Nadu is 2610. The number of other educational institutions is 914. The maximum number of colleges in the U.P. is 7788. There are 2750 colleges in Andhra Pradesh.

The state with the highest number of art colleges in Uttar Pradesh (200), Maharashtra (120). Tamil Nadu has only 59 calories. Karnataka (73) and Punjab (113) have colleges based on population.

Tamil Nadu has the second-highest number of nursing colleges after Karnataka (256).

The total number of colleges in India (according to AISHE) is 39955. Of these 31390 colleges are private colleges. Only 8565 colleges are under the control of the government.

Of the 2610 colleges in Tamil Nadu, only 357 are under government control. In 2019, only 4 government colleges have been newly started in Tamil Nadu. In the same year, 45 colleges were started in Rajasthan and 18 in Karnataka. But in 2019, 36 private colleges have been started in Tamil Nadu.

Information about Higher Education Teachers:

At the All India level, more than half of the teachers in higher education are from the general category (56%) and 32.1% are from other backward classes. 9% of teachers are SC and only 2.4% are tribal teachers. Teachers make up 5.6 per cent of Muslims and 9 per cent of other minorities.

Tamil Nadu has the highest number of OBC teachers in India. SC, ST teachers have the highest percentage in Tamil Nadu after Maharashtra.

Tamil Nadu, which has the lowest number of colleges and universities in the survey, is the best state in India in terms of teacher-student ratio.

This ratio, known as PUPIL-TEACHER RATIO -PTR, averages 28 in India (excluding privately run educational institutions such as polytechnics). Taken together they are 26. i.e. 26/28 students have one teacher. There is one teacher for 18 students in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Authors Profile – Tamil Nadu and Other States Comparison:

Tamil Nadu has the highest number of higher education teachers in India and the highest number of OBC and SC teachers. Not only that, but Tamil Nadu is also the state with the highest number of female teachers. Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of Muslim teachers in India and Tamil Nadu and Kerala have the second-highest number of teachers of other minority religions.

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