This article is from Jun 12, 2021

Tamil Nadu already achieved the New Education Policy’s 2035 goal!

Tamil Nadu has maintained its leading position in terms of Gross Enrollment Ratio with 51.4 per cent among the largest states in India.

AISHE (All India Study on Higher Education) has released a study on the state of higher education in India for 2019-2020. Of these, Tamil Nadu is one of the largest and most populous states. Overall, Sikkim (75.8) and Chandigarh (52.1) are in second and third place next.

Some important information about higher education as stated in the Indian study report:

  • Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat are the top 8 states with the highest number of colleges in India.

  • The Gross Enrollment Rate in Higher Education in India is 27.1 (Government of India plans to reach 50% by 2035 through the new education policy, but Tamil Nadu already reach it by 2020).
  • Most students in India have BA, B.Sc. And B.Com. At the undergraduate level, 32.7% of students enrolled in arts / humanities / social sciences. It is followed by 16% in science, 14.9% in business and 12.6% in engineering and technology.
  • With an enrollment of 37.27 lakh students, Engineering and Technology are ranked fourth in India. The share of male students is 70.8% and the share of female students is 29.2%.
  • Of these, 9.3 lakh students are enrolled in computer engineering, 6.8 lakh students in mechanical engineering, 6.1 lakh students in electronics engineering, 4.8 lakh students in civil engineering and 7.67 lakh students in information technology.
  • Of the total higher education enrollment, 14.7% are from backward classes, 5.6% are tribal students, 37% are students from other backward classes (OBCs), 5.5% are from Muslim minorities and 2.3% are from other religious minorities.
  •  More than 78.6% of colleges are private (including government-aided major colleges), But their total enrollment rate is only 66.3%.

Tamil Nadu Higher Education Student Admission and Pass out’s Number Comparatively:

Tamil Nadu has the third-highest enrollment in India with 22,75,290 students. Uttar Pradesh with 47,66,439 students and Maharashtra with 30,09,419 students are in the first two places.

The situation which needs scrutinization is that more than half of all states have private student enrollment in all states without state discrimination.

The states with the highest enrollment in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. These 6 states alone account for about 53.8% of the total student enrollment in India. In the remaining 31 states (including UTs) the enrollment percentage is only 46.2%.

Comparison of Tamil Nadu with six states: 

(As the Gujarat model heavily used in the campaign to draw attention in Tamil Nadu politics we has also included that in it.)

There is a small difference in the male-female enrollment rate (higher than males) in all states except Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in the undergraduate degree. This gap is very small in Tamil Nadu compared to these six states.

In contrast, the number of women enrolling in postgraduate admissions is higher in all states. This gap is also very large in Tamil Nadu.

Admission details on the basis of caste:

Uttar Pradesh is the state with the highest number of scheduled castes students in India. Tamil Nadu has the second-highest number of scheduled castes students after Tamil Nadu. Similarly, Tamil Nadu has the second-highest number of OBC students in higher education after UP.

State-wise number of hostels and student residences:

Tamil Nadu has the highest number of students staying in hostels compared to other states. It is noteworthy that Tamil Nadu is the state where a large number of female students stays in hostels along with male students.

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