With 144 crore people, India’s population has surpassed that of China. The UNFPA-released data!

A study titled “State of World Population Report – 2024” that details global population increase was recently released by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). It is titled “Interwoven Lives, Threads of Hope: Ending Inequalities in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights”.

India leads the world with a population of 1.44 billion:

With 144.17 crore people, India is the most populous country in the world, according to the research. China, with a population of 142.5 crore, comes in second. Additionally, it is predicted that in 77 years, India’s population will double.

The report states that 24% of India’s population is in the age group of 0-14 years, 17% in the age group of 10-19 years, and 26% in the age group of 10-24 years. Similarly, 68% are in the age group of 15-64 and 7% are in the age group of 65 and above. Especially in India, male life expectancy is 71 years and female life expectancy is 74 years.

In terms of population, India is followed by China then the USA with 341.8 million, Indonesia with 279.8 million, Pakistan with 245.2 million, Nigeria with 229.2 million, Brazil with 217.6 million, Bangladesh with 174.7 million, Russia with 144 million, and Mexico with 129.4 million. According to this, it is known that the world population has increased to 8.119 billion.

Maternal deaths in India:

India’s maternal mortality ratio has decreased to 103 (fatalities per 100,000 births) as per 2020 data, accounting for 8% of all maternal deaths worldwide. Arunachal Pradesh’s Tirap district has the highest rate, 1,671 fatalities per 100,000 births.

Globally, the maternal mortality ratio is 223. Similarly, the adolescent birth rate per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 is 41. The report also states that women with disabilities are 10 times more likely to experience gender-based violence than women without disabilities.

In India, the number of child marriages that occurred between 2006 and 2023 is 23 percent. According to the research, 19% of child marriages worldwide occurred in 2023 alone.

Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 worldwide can be clearly seen in the graph below.



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Indu Meenakshi

Indu Meenakshi is a former Microbiologist-turned-journalist, works as a Sub-Editor at YouTurn. She additionally holds Master’s in Management and English Literature. As a fact-checker, her job entails actively dispelling false information found online, exposing fake news, and raising public awareness.
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